In what type of households do young people live: Household size and household composition of participants in Youth Saving Diaries Study (Nigeria, Morocco, and Senegal)

Often when we study young people’s financial behavior, we may not take into account the family composition that potentially could influence their financial behavior and decisions. L-IFT conducted a diaries study on ‘young people’s saving’ focusing on young people aged 15 to 30 in Nigeria, Senegal, and Morocco. One of the assumptions was young people have money to save and contribute to household income. This article describes young people’s household demographics.

To learn about the households of our diaries respondents, we posed a range of questions, including “what is the composition of the household? Who is the household head? what ages are household members? Who contributes to the household income and who doesn’t?” Answering these questions helps us to get a sense of our participants in the diaries study. The below findings are based on data collected from 346 young people in Nigeria, Morocco, and Senegal on one of the weekly special questions.

# What is the size of the household?      

Number of household members    
CountryMeanMedianMinimumMaximumNumber of respondents
Morocco2218122
Nigeria3217108
Senegal44114116

Our participants in the study lived in households with an average size of 2 to 4 with the highest recorded for Senegal. The maximum number of members per household was 14 for Senegal, 8 for Morocco, and 7 for Nigeria.

# Who is the household head?

Gender of household head (percentage)

CountryManWoman
Morocco8911
Nigeria8020
Senegal928

As can be expected, most household heads are men in all three countries. The prevalence of women-headed households is low in all three countries. Out of this, the highest is recorded for Nigeria where 20 percent are women-headed households.

Age of household head

CountryMeanMedianMinimumMaximumNumber of respondents
Morocco36371870122
Nigeria46501975108
Senegal49492296116

The average age of household head for Morocco is 36; for Nigeria is 46 and for Senegal is 49.

# Who are the household members?

Age categories of household members-Percentage

CountryUnder 56 to 1213 to 1920 to 2930 to 4546 to 59above 60Not sure
Morocco1012182698312
Nigeria122026304304
Senegal9172122134310

The age group most strongly represented is ‘20 to 29’ for all three countries.

# Income of household members

Income of household members-Percentage

CountryYesNo
Morocco3169
Nigeria2773
Senegal2872

In all three countries, less than one-third of household members have income.

# Income of household members part of household

 Income-Percentage 
CountryYesNo
Morocco5446
Nigeria2179
Senegal4357

Out of those who have income, 54 percent said it is part of household income in Morocco, 43 percent in Senegal, and only 21 percent said it is part of household income in Nigeria.

# Income of household members half or more part of household

Income more than half for household:  percentage

CountryYesNo
Morocco7723
Nigeria6931
Senegal8416

Only those who said their income is part of household income were asked whether this is half or more going to household income. Most of them said “yes, it is half or more part of household income” in all three countries.

By Mahlet Alemayehu

In what type of households do young people live: Household size and household composition of participants in Youth Saving Diaries Study (Nigeria, Morocco, and Senegal)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Scroll to top